Shannon Baptist Church
101 N.
Broad St
Shannon, Illinois 61078
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written by Pastor David Wood


Redemption simply means to "buy back" a possession previously owned.
For instance, if your dog Skippy, who is loved as a member of your family, wanders off and ends up in the dog pound, you are going to go out of your way to deliver him. Though he is already yours, he has been taken captive because of his wrong doing. Skippy needs you to buy him back before his impending destruction.
In the same way, God owns man by right of creation. But man wandered and was taken captive by sin. Wherefore, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed upon all men, for that all have sinned (Romans 5:12). The bloody sacrifice made for Adam and Eve's covering provides the first of many pictures of the coming Redeemer. The scarlet cord left outside Rahab's window on the wall of Jericho foretold the promised redemption price.
David said, "Bless the Lord, Oh my soul, who redeemeth thy life from destruction" (Psalm 103:4). Truly, the Old Testament emphasizes our need for a redeemer; the law showed man to be "empounded" by sin awaiting deserved destruction.
To understand the New Testament development of redemption glean the distinctive meaning from three Greek words: agorazo, lutroo, and one usage of peripoieo (Walvoord 163).

In redemption, Christ buys us out of the curse of sin and delivers us into true freedom--into a position of value for the Redeemer. "The combined force of agorazo, exagorazo, and peripoieo is that of (1) purchase, (2) of being bought off the market, not subject to resale, and (3) of a possession regarded as precious in the sight of the Lord" (Walvoord 167). Lutroo emphasizes the freedom provided to the redeemed.

Agorazo shows the foundation of the meaning of redemption; it carries the idea of a purchase made in the marketplace (Thayer 8). For ye are bought [agorazo] with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's (I Corinthians 6:20). And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed [agorazo] us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation (Revelation 5:9).

Clearly, God paid the purchase price, the blood of His own Son. Without that foundation, there could be no true redemption.

The term exagorazo means "redeem" as in paying off a ransom or buying back for one's own use (Thayer 220). But when the fullness of the time was come, God sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem [exagorazo] them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of sons (Galatians 4:4,5). Since no man is able to perfectly fulfill the entire law, Galatians 3:11 says it is obvious man cannot be justified by the law in the sight of God. Therefore, Christ became a curse on behalf of man, bearing the penalty of the broken law. In this sense, Christ redeemed (exaggorazo) us. He paid off once and for all man's unpayable obligation, the curse, by "hanging on the tree" (Galatians 3:13). "It is evident that if agorazo emphasizes the thought of purchase and resulting ownership as relating the believer to God, exagorazo is a more intensive form which has the idea of not only being bought, but being bought out of the [slave] market or bought back from a previous condition of obligation to the law" (Walvoord 166).
In Acts 20:28 peripoieo points to the fact that the redeemed belong to the one who made the payment. The Lord, with his own blood, purchased us, the redeemed, for himself (Thayer 504). The purchase price of the redeemed clearly marks the value of the one redeemed.

The Greek word lutroo means to be "liberated by payment of ransom" (Thayer 384). Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed [lutroo] with corruptible things, as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot (I Peter 1:18,19). Christ=s blood paid the ransom of sin. Freedom from sin and sin's consequences is impossible apart from the bloody sacrifice of the perfect Lamb, the Lamb of God Christ Jesus.
I Timothy 2:6 highlights the replacement ransom that Christ paid; He died in our place (Walvoord 168).
Apolutrosis expands the liberating thought by expressing a "releasing effected by payment of ransom" (Thayer 630). It is a deliverance effectively setting one free from an oncoming doom. And when these things begin to come to pass, then look up, and lift up your heads; for your redemption [apolutrosis] draweth nigh (Luke 21:28). And for this cause he is the mediator of the new testament, that by means of death, for the redemption [apolutrosis] of the transgressions that were under the first testament, they which are called might receive the promise of eternal inheritance (Hebrews 9:15).

Take joy in the fact that you are no longer bound as a slave to sin. If you have truly trusted Christ for your eternal life, you have freedom, you have a new standing with God, you are a valued possession. You can sing:

Redeemed how I love to proclaim it. Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb. Redeemed through His infinite mercy. His child and forever I am!
Redeemed! Redeemed! Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb. Redeemed how I love to proclaim it. His child and forever I am. Fanny Crosby
Works Cited

Thayer, Joseph Henry. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1977.

Walvoord, John. Jesus Christ Our Lord. Chicago: Moody, 1969.

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