|written by Pastor David Wood|
Redemption simply means to
"buy back" a possession previously owned.
In redemption, Christ buys us out of the curse of sin and delivers us into true freedom--into a position of value for the Redeemer. "The combined force of agorazo, exagorazo, and peripoieo is that of (1) purchase, (2) of being bought off the market, not subject to resale, and (3) of a possession regarded as precious in the sight of the Lord" (Walvoord 167). Lutroo emphasizes the freedom provided to the redeemed.
Agorazo shows the foundation of the meaning of redemption; it carries the idea of a purchase made in the marketplace (Thayer 8). For ye are bought [agorazo] with a price: therefore glorify God in your body, and in your spirit, which are God's (I Corinthians 6:20). And they sung a new song, saying, Thou art worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for thou wast slain, and hast redeemed [agorazo] us to God by thy blood out of every kindred, and tongue, and people, and nation (Revelation 5:9).
The term exagorazo means
"redeem" as in paying off a ransom or buying back for one's
own use (Thayer 220). But when the fullness of the time was come, God
sent forth his Son, made of a woman, made under the law, to redeem [exagorazo]
them that were under the law, that we might receive the adoption of
sons (Galatians 4:4,5). Since no man is able to perfectly fulfill the
entire law, Galatians 3:11 says it is obvious man cannot be justified
by the law in the sight of God. Therefore, Christ became a curse on
behalf of man, bearing the penalty of the broken law. In this sense,
Christ redeemed (exaggorazo) us. He paid off once and for all man's
unpayable obligation, the curse, by "hanging on the tree"
(Galatians 3:13). "It is evident that if agorazo emphasizes the
thought of purchase and resulting ownership as relating the believer
to God, exagorazo is a more intensive form which has the idea of not
only being bought, but being bought out of the [slave] market or bought
back from a previous condition of obligation to the law" (Walvoord
The Greek word lutroo means
to be "liberated by payment of ransom" (Thayer 384). Forasmuch
as ye know that ye were not redeemed [lutroo] with corruptible things,
as silver and gold, from your vain conversation received by tradition
from your fathers; But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb
without blemish and without spot (I Peter 1:18,19). Christ=s blood paid
the ransom of sin. Freedom from sin and sin's consequences is impossible
apart from the bloody sacrifice of the perfect Lamb, the Lamb of God
Take joy in the fact that you are no longer bound as a slave to sin. If you have truly trusted Christ for your eternal life, you have freedom, you have a new standing with God, you are a valued possession. You can sing:
Redeemed how I love to proclaim
it. Redeemed by the blood of the Lamb. Redeemed through His infinite
mercy. His child and forever I am!
Thayer, Joseph Henry. A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. Grand Rapids, Michigan: Baker Book House, 1977.
Walvoord, John. Jesus Christ
Our Lord. Chicago: Moody, 1969.
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